6 minutes: Tsuru no Sugomori (Nesting of Cranes) is performed by Kohachiro MIYATA on the shakuhachi bamboo flute. This programmatic piece describes the life of the crane, a bird with great symbolic cultural significance in Japan, including building a nest, laying and hatching an egg and raising a baby crane until it flies away from the nest at maturity. The piece begins with a musical description of dawn and a flying crane. A number of playing techniques are utilized to express such things as the beating of wings—from 1.00 to 3.00 minutes and singing cranes—from 4.00 to 7.00 minutes. Techniques used include tremolos, glissandi, and flutterzung.